Kris Holmes typography 2

Kris holmes is a graphic designer specialising in typeface design, she studied calligraphy and type design with Herman Zapf and typeface design with Ed Benguiat,she has designed the following fonts.

Lucida Grande

Lucida Sans

Lucida Console

Lucida Bright

Lucida Handwriting

Lucida Calligraphy

Lucida Casual

Apple New York









One of her most recognisable fonts is the lucida series.

Lucida was first shown at a meeting of the Association Typographique Internationale (ATypI) in London, September 1984, in the form of a type specimen booklet from the Imagen Corporation, a Silicon Valley laser printer manufacturer –Today, new, original typefaces are released every day, so it may be hard to believe that three decades ago, there were nearly none. As typography shifted from analog to digital technology in the 1970s and 1980s, typefaces for digital typesetters and printers were, with very few exceptions, digitizations of existing typeface from the previous eras of metal or photo-typography. 2014 is the 30th anniversary of the first showing of Lucida, the first family of original, digital typefaces for laser printing and screen displays .

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The x-height of Lucida Grande, Lucida Sans, and all other Lucida fonts is large, approximately 53% of the body size. Lucida’s large x-height has two functions that help it adapt to reading on screens and printing on modest resolution devices. First, a big x-height makes the typeface appear perceptually bigger, aiding legibility when text is viewed at greater than average reading distances or at small sizes, or both. Text on monitors was read at distances 50% greater than on paper, according to ergonomic recommendations of the 1980s. Second, the big x-height provides more pixels for better definition of features in the x-height region, which typically carries more information than ascenders and descenders, thus helping distinguish letter shapes for better recognition.

She is interested in increasing the legibility of her typefaces and has been working on some that are easier for people with dyslexia .


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