Sustainable printing

A turn towards sustainability has become more and more common in todays environmentally conscious society, which has seen a shift in the practices of graphic designers all over the world. In and industry that draws on energy, water, paper, inks, solvents and packaging an emphasis has been put on designers to make a conscious decision to protect the environment from impacts directly associated with these materials and in the life cycle of there designs.

Printers and graphic designers have long been engaged in a love hate relationship but its been seen as an area that can, needs to be converted to a more sustainable practice. It maybe a surprise but some inks used in the printing process can contain toxic metals heavy metals such as lead, cadmium and barium, which can pose major health and environmental risks if they find their way into the natural environment. So its only natural we’ve seen a turn away from these inks used by many printers to a more environmentally friendly solutions such as switching to vegetable based ink and even inks such as soy inks can be used, however the soy ink has one disadvantage to other inks with its drying time considerably longer to its petroleum-based and other ink counterparts. This creates challenges for those printing in coated papers such as magazines, uncoated papers like newspapers aren’t as effected due to the fact the soy inks can dry via absorption or IR in-line heaters. is an Australian based online green printers directory set up to list those print companies that have made a sustainability a genuine priority across not just there printing process but there whole business practice making it easy for any graphic designer or individual to seek out a sustainable professional print business in their own area.

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Ryan’s 5 favorite Rascals

My 5 favorite Rascals of all time are as follows:

  1. Bender (futurama)

  2. Yogi Bear

  3. Eric Cartman (South park)

  4. Bart Simpson (the Simpsons)

  5. Dennis the Menace

the character Bender is the creation of Matt Groening and David X.Cohen. Bender is a character of a tv series Futurama, who constantly portrayed as a criminal. Bender finds himself being put into situations where his rascal side always gets the better of him, stealing, flirting, drinking and letting his friends down but he also shows a soft and compassionate side which I believe is an important part of a rascals nature, even if its shown only once in a while by Bender.


Number 4 was Yogi Bear first appeared as a supporting act in The Huckleberry Hound Show. Yogi was the first break out character designed by Hanna Barbera and eventual turn out to be more popular then The Huckleberry Hound Show. Yogi shows his rascally nature by getting himself into sticky situations trying to steal camper’s lunches in Jellystone Park. Yogi Bear has came along way from his humble begins as a supporting character to his very own tv show, game for game consuls and even staring in the 2010 movie Yogi Bear.


Rascal number 3, Eric Cartman is the work of Matt Stone and is one of the main characters of the animated tv show South Park. Eric is a real mummies boy but does his best to try and impress and at time intimidate his friends. His part of a group of 4 main characters of the popular cartoon series who are constantly getting up to mischief but there youthfulness creates this element of innocents and often the word around them seems to be the catalyst for the rascally adventures. Like I said before with the character Bender, Eric also shows a softer side to his rascal and mischievous behavior and I believe a rascal has to have a compassionate side that displays sorrow and remorse, I believe that its those combined qualities the make a rascal a rascal rather then just plan evil.


Bart Simpson was my number 2 choice, he’s also the work off Matt Groening. Matt actually created and designed Bart while waiting in the lobby of an office. Bart Simpson my come across as an obvious choices here but he had to be added. He’s constantly up to activities that start with good intentions (sometimes there purely indented to cause havoc) but soon develop into situations that turn troublesome through no fault of his own, most of the time anyway.

The Simpson and Bart have hardly changed from its creation; they’ve seen an evolution in quality as the technology improved and even like most of these characters and there tv series have seen its successfulness translate into a move. Like the previous rascals before him Bart has often show a softer side towards his family members often towards Lisa for help and guidance.    bart_simpson


My number 1 rascal of all time goes to Dennis the Menace. Dennis started out as a daily comic strip for a news paper and was written and illustrated by Hank Ketcham but has since then evolved into a tv series and even a movie. Dennis for me is the definition of a rascal, he often finds himself in unfortunate situations for example in the movie there’s a scene where hes playing with Mr Wilson’s false teeth and accidently break the two front teeth. He’s shows he’s upset about what happened but his rascal nature kicks in and not wanting to get into trouble for his actions he try’s to cover up his actions by replacing them with chewing gym. He eventually get caught and punished for his actions and displays genuine sorrow and remorse for what he did. That one scene to me perfectly displays what a rascal is and does.

Roman Klonek

Roman Klonek was born in Kattowitz, Poland. He has a self confessed soft spot for old fashioned cartoons, especially of East European style which reflects heavily in his final art works. In the 1990’s he study graphic arts in Duesseldorf, Germany where he discovered a love for woodcut printing.

His subject matter can be considered mostly of whimsical creatures, half animal/ half human in awkward situations presented in a poster format. Klonek’s work can be best described as a fresh, bizarre balancing act between propaganda, folklore an pop. His use of colour also reflect a very pop art vibe with every print.

The work I’ve chosen to talk about is his piece titled “Doggone”.

Doggone is created in his usual style of woodcut print. He uses sheets of plywood because its soft making it easy to work away layers of the ply with a chisel to form his shapes of his character forms. He likes to use a technique called a “lost cut” which means he can print all the colours with only one sheet, making it a huge advantage over having to use a different sheet for every colour. To add colour, firstly he cuts out all the areas that are to be white then your simply print the first colour. After that he cuts out all the areas that are to remain in the first colour then the next colour is printed and so on and so forth.The paint Klonek prefers to print in is mainly oil colours because he finds them to be more intense. The woodcut printing process comes together to deliver a unique finished product.


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Roman Klonek


Rash response

In response to the argument are graffiti social commentators, propaganda artists, artists or vandals; I don’t see the response as being a black and white argument. Yes some street artists work can be considered art, the works of Tom Civil are a good example which I’ll go into further detail however I don’t consider the practice of “tagging” to be consider art. Id be more inclined to categorise it under the side of vandalism, simply because the practice appears to be less about art and more about marking territory and getting your name out there for everyone to see. Tagging on symbolic or sacred objects is a prime example, often done by misguided youths however rather then graffiti artists.

Now the works of Tom civil is an interesting case for this argument because it sees him on both sides of the scale. He started off his street art career stenciling at the end of 2001 in the streets under the alias “Civilian” and was featured in the film Rash (2005). Civil has several art works exhibited in gallery’s but doesn’t feel comfortable in those settings, he prefers to display his work in the form of “empty shows” – illegal exhibitions held in derelict buildings. Now if these buildings are run down and derelict why not cover them with art?

In 2003 the police caught Civil at one of his “empty shows” no charges were laid by the police. Despite his run in with the law he still believes that “street art is an important and necessary part of society.”

April 16, 2014 Civil was commissioned to paint a mural on the walls of Crisalida child, adolescent and family therapy clinic in Thornbury, Melbourne and a second mural located walnut street, Melbourne. The council allocated $25,000 for the first work in an attempt to save money by cleaning up little acts of graffiti, mainly acts of tagging. The idea was by painting a large mural in the problem area it would stop these acts but whether they meant to or not they also brightened up the area, which a lot of Tom Civil’s work do.

I feel the council commissioning Civil to paint a piece of street art to cover up acts of graffiti reflect my view, in the sense they willing hired a renowned street artist to cover up less acts of graffiti such as tagging.

In conclusion the works of Tom Civil have convinced me there is art in the act of graffiti ….. to a degree.

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Andy Warhol

Born Andrew Warhola in August 6, 1928 – February 22, 1987. He was a leading American artist in the visual art movement know as pop art, a style he’s now renowned for. It was in the 1950’s when he got his big opportunity as a working artist being hired by RCA Records.

1952 saw Warhol design one of his first successful works for RCA Victor’s album Progressive Piano. This rare album cover uses ink out lined hands playing red and blue coloured piano keys with some of the greatest jazz artist ever including names such as Art Tarum, Lennie Tristano and Mary Lou Williams in these keys.


1958 following of from a few more successful works he created another album cover for a jazz musician called Kenny Burrell. The album called Blue Lights was one of Burrell’s most notable records, having released 106. Like his previous work for RCA Victor he uses the same techniques, portraying an inked out line of a woman laying down with a rather seductive look on a turquoise colour background.


1967, by now Warhol has become successful and well known for his works. This saw more well know artists on the music scene gravitate towards Warhol to create album covers for them in his unique style. The Velvet Underground were one such band, there album The Velvet Underground & Nico saw Warhol using his inked outlines with colour fill to create a old looking banana. In a way this was symbolic of of the rock groups controversial subject matter of drug abuse, prostitution, masochism and sexual deviancy.


1977, Warhol one of the biggest artists of the time saw him design the album Love You Live by one of the biggest rock bands of all time the The Rolling stones. The cover features an image of Mick Jagger biting a hand with multiple colour paper rip outs with pencil lines in certain areas of the image. Who ever pencil smeers that appear across the front were actually added by Mick Jagger which reportedly outraged Warhol.


1986 he created two cover for Aretha Freanklin and John Lennon. Both Freanklin’s Aretha and Lennon’s Menlove Ave sees Warhol use very similar styles. Both use photographs of the artists with colour lines running along the outlines of the faces of both Freanklin and Lennon.